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Halstead 21st Century Group

Not everything we value is protected. Our natural and built heritage are frequent casualties of developments and need our advocacy.  A few years ago, the last remaining railway station buildings were demolished (see image below). Could the fabric of this structure have been saved? We shall never know; planning permission to demolish it was granted before we were formed.

A rare group of 16 Second World War air raid shelters has been at risk for many years and if development does not claim them then lack of maintenance and nature will. The shelters are on SAVE Britain’s Heritage Buildings at Risk register.

People need houses, but pressure to build has resulted in large scale construction outside of the town’s development boundary and on green field sites.   

Monitoring planning applications and using planning guidance and local knowledge to engage in public consultations to highlight the risk posed to our natural environment and help to limit damage.

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Join Halstead 21st Century Group and help us preserve Halstead's heritage.

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Gone - Halstead Railway Station Buildings


At Risk - Air Raid Shelters

At Risk

Current Heritage at Risk

Halstead Air Raid Shelters

In an area of woodland, just to the east of the High Street lie sixteen air raid shelters. The shelters were built by Courtaulds in 1939 to protect their workforce from the Luftwaffe. Courtaulds' Halstead factory worked directly on war production during WWII, including weaving fabric for parachutes. There were no air attacks on the factory, although 170 visits were recorded in the factory's log of time lost to air raids.

Click here to read the full military archaeology report

Laid out in two offset lines, the shelters are close to the former factory, but with land in short supply, many were built in the gardens of Factory Terrace and Vicarage Meadow. These were all houses built by Courtaulds for their workers so were consider factory premises.

Fifteen of the shelters are Costains, a semi-sunken type, built from preformed concrete arcs and designed to hold up to 50 people. A sixteenth shelter, was built above ground in brick and had several uses: as a first aid centre, a communications centre and an ARP Warden's post.

A 2004 military archaeologist’s report stated  ‘if the fifteen (or anything close to it) underground air raid shelters do still survive, they, together with the surface shelter, will probably constitute the most comprehensive group of air raid shelters in Essex.

Our own informal research has shown that a surviving group of so many air raid shelters is very rare.  Industrial WWII civil defence structures are disappearing at an alarming rate, so Halstead is very lucky to still have this piece of history. Their significance has earned them a place in the Local Heritage List and they are included in Save Britain's Heritage's Buildings at Risk register.

Mrs Root

Air Raid Shelters Gallery